Gauthier understands value as a matter of individuals' subjective preferences, and argues that moral constraints on straightforward utility-maximizing are prudentially justified. He argues that it is most prudent to give up straightforward maximizing and instead adopt a disposition of constrained maximization, according to which one resolves to cooperate with all similarly disposed persons (those disposed towards cooperation) and defect on the rest (straightforward maximizers), since repeated cooperation provides greater yields than repeated mutual defection from contracts (as is seen in a basic Prisoner's dilemma game). According to Gauthier's contractarian ethics ,  moral constraints are justified because they make us all better off, in terms of our preferences (whatever they may be). A consequence is that good moral thinking is just an elevated and subtly strategic version of means-end reasoning .
Historical Statistics and Analysis on Unemployment, Poverty, Urbanization , etc., in the United States
This is a dissertation that combines employment theory with practical personal experiences and a number of ethical considerations would need to be addressed in the methodology accompanying the research. The explosion in student numbers in the late 1990s was matched by a growing economy. Ten years later and the job market has changed beyond recognition; high numbers of graduates are failing to secure 'graduate' employment within the UK. Using both readily available public data in the form of graduate employment trends and first hand interviews with graduates now aged 22-25, this dissertation focuses upon the careers, to date, of students who graduated from the School of Media, Leeds Metropolitan University, in the years 2009, 2010, and 2011, and provides an answer to the question as to the extent to which these graduates are 'overqualified' and under-employed for the jobs in which they presently find themselves.
During the last decade, in addition to creating seven new universities, the Government of Tunisia (GOT) has made progress in i)in improving the internal efficiency of programs and pass rates in applied science programs and selected short-term programs such as at the higher institutes of technology (Instituts supérieurs des études technologiques) (ZSETS) (ii)introducing shorter term professional programs with more relevance; and(iii)granting greater autonomy to universities to give them the flexibility to respond to the changing environment and adapt academic programs to the needs of the economy.